What is Cricket? Cricket is team game played with “a bat and ball”. The game cricket is the second most popular game in the world, It is played between two teams each having 11 players on a grassy field, in the centre of which there is a pitch having two wickets on both sides parallel to each other. The game is arbitrate by two umpires, who takes all decisions on the field. One umpire stands behind the non-striker’s wicket, ready to judge LBW and all other actions requiring a decision.
The other umpire stands in line with the striker’s popping crease, about 20 metres to one side ready to examine stumping’s and run-outs at his end. When a team is playing, the other team attempts to get each of their player ‘out’. When the team that was playing get their all players out, then that team takes its place in the ‘out field’. The team that was in the out field goes ‘in’ and play until all players got out. This performance is called an innings. A match can last one day or take as many as five. The longest cricket match in history was in 1939 it was between England and South Africa and that match lasted for long 14 days.
In cricket the team scoring highest number of ‘ runs’ (runs are scored by running between wickets after hitting the ball) wins the match. The person who is bouncing the ball is the ‘ bowler’ and the person who is hitting the ball is ’batsman’. The wicket behind the batsman consists of three upright wooden sticks so placed that the ball cannot pass between them. When the wicket hits by the ball the whole arrangement collapses, which means that the batsman is ‘out’. On the edge of the field there is a boundary. If a batsman hits the ball toward the boundary he scored four runs. If it does not bounce before doing so six runs will be scored. Fielders are placed at different positions and these positions have assigned different names.
Equipment used in Cricket
- Cricket Ball
- Cricket Bat
- Protective Gear
Ways of getting out
- Caught : According to Cricket rules if the ball hits the batsman’s wickets the batsman is given out
- Bowled : According to Cricket rules if a batsman touches the ball at all with the bat or hand holding the bat then the batsman is given out. This can be done by the wicket keeper , fielders, or bowler catching the ball.
- Leg Before Wicket : According to Cricket rules If the ball hits the batsman without the touching the bat is given as LBW (Leg Before Wicket) and the player given as out.
- Stumped : According to Cricket rules when the wicketkeeper puts his wicket down while the batman is out of his crease then the batsman is given out
- Run Out : According to Cricket rules if ball is in play and the wicket is fairly put down by the fielder and at the same time batsman is out of the crease then the batsman is given out.
- Hit Wicket : According to Cricket rules if a batsman hits the wicket with his bat or any body part after the ball is in play then the player is out.
- Handle The Ball : According to Cricket rules if the batsman willingly handles the ball with the hand that is not touching the bat then the player given as out.
- Obstructing The Field : According to Cricket rules batsman is out if he voluntarily interpose the opposition by any word or his action.
- Hit The Ball Twice : According to Cricket rules if a batsman hits a ball twice he is declared as out.
- Timed Out
Total seventeen teams are playing cricket in world are listed as Australia, India, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Kenya, Ireland, Canada, Netherlands, Scotland, Afghanistan, USA, England, New Zealand, West Indies
Top Ten Cricket Player
- Sachin Tendulkar (India)
- Ricky Ponting (Australia)
- Rahul Dravid (India)
- Brian Lara (West Indies)
- Jacques Kallis (South Africa)
- Alan Border (Australia )
- Steve Waugh (Australia)
- Sunil Gavaskar (India)
- Mahela Jayawardene (SL)
- Chanderpaul (West Indies)